Daniel Castro

Daniel Castro
Vice President, ITIF, and Director, Center for Data Innovation

Daniel Castro is vice president at the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF) and director of ITIF's Center for Data Innovation.

Castro writes and speaks on a variety of issues related to information technology and internet policy, including privacy, security, intellectual property, Internet governance, e-government, and accessibility for people with disabilities. His work has been quoted and cited in numerous media outlets, including The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, NPR, USA Today, Bloomberg News, and Bloomberg Businessweek. In 2013, Castro was named to FedScoop’s list of the “top 25 most influential people under 40 in government and tech.” In 2015, U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker appointed Castro to the Commerce Data Advisory Council.

Castro previously worked as an IT analyst at the Government Accountability Office (GAO) where he audited IT security and management controls at various government agencies. He contributed to GAO reports on the state of information security at a variety of federal agencies, including the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. In addition, Castro was a visiting scientist at the Software Engineering Institute in Pittsburgh, PA, where he developed virtual training simulations to provide clients with hands-on training of the latest information security tools.

He has a B.S. in foreign service from Georgetown University and an M.S. in information security technology and management from Carnegie Mellon University.


Recent Publications

April 4, 2022

The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) recently denied a U.S. freight railroad permission to use autonomous track inspection technology, a loss for those promoting greater use of automation to enhance rail safety and lower costs in the supply chain.

February 28, 2022

Multi-user immersive experiences (MUIEs)—three-dimensional, digitally rendered environments where multiple users can interact with other people and virtual objects in real time—present new content-moderation challenges. Policymakers should work with those developing MUIEs to balance user safety, privacy, and free expression.

February 11, 2022

Senator Klobuchar (D-MN), chairwoman of the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Competition Policy, Antitrust, and Consumer Rights held a hearing earlier this month about the role of competition on the press in the United States. The hearing served as a platform to promote the Journalism Competition and Preservation Act, bipartisan legislation introduced in both the House and the Senate that would create a four-year safe harbor from antitrust laws to allow news media companies to negotiate compensation terms with large online platforms collectively

February 8, 2022

Last year, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) announced that it was going to begin using facial recognition to improve its identity verification process when taxpayers access its online tools (e.g., to get a copy of their tax records) to increase consumer security and reduce fraud. To do this, taxpayers would upload a copy of their government ID, along with a video selfie, to verify their identity.

January 24, 2022

In the absence of a federal privacy law, a growing patchwork of state laws burdens companies with multiple, duplicative compliance costs. The out-of-state costs from 50 such laws could exceed $1 trillion over 10 years, with at least $200 billion hitting small businesses.

January 24, 2022

Data privacy legislation has been on the Congressional to-do list for years, but as more states consider their own comprehensive privacy laws and Europe’s privacy regulation approaches its fifth anniversary, the federal government continues to lag behind.

January 23, 2022

Proponents say requiring Apple to allow users to install apps from other app stores would foster competition and consumer choice. In reality, it would do the exact opposite: Forcing Apple to abandon its closed mobile ecosystem would eliminate an important alternative to open mobile ecosystems.

January 21, 2022

As the bill is currently worded, it opens the door for almost any competing business user to demand access to core functionality of large platforms, even if it would significantly harm consumers.

January 13, 2022

Especially as autonomous vehicles become more common on city streets, it's in everyone's interest for states to offer fully digital e-titles to decrease costs, streamline processing and reduce fraud risk.

December 17, 2021

CNIL, the French Data Protection Authority, recently ordered Clearview AI, a U.S. company that offers law enforcement a “search engine for faces,” to delete all of its data about French data subjects.

December 16, 2021

As the United States and the European Union continue to work on building back better the transatlantic relationship in the coming year, they should make resolving data flows a top priority.

December 7, 2021

Although digitizing government has become easier, the amount of unstructured data agencies hold remains a steep barrier to full transparency. Artificial intelligence could be the answer.

Recent Events and Presentations

April 5, 2022

In the aftermath of Putin’s invasion of Ukraine, a new iron curtain has descended on Russia’s Internet, with a multitude of social networks, online services, and payment services, either leaving th

January 27, 2022

ITIF hosted a discussion a study on the economic impact that a patchwork of state privacy laws will likely have on U.S. businesses, the key criteria Congress should consider in future federal data-privacy legislation to minimize these costs, and the opportunity for the United States to embrace an innovation-friendly data protection framework that protects consumers while streamlining regulation.

December 8, 2021

ITIF's Center for Data Innovation hosted a discussion about the ways lawmakers and regulators can optimize data portability provisions, avoid pitfalls, and foster a new wave of data-driven innovation.

October 14, 2021

The Center for Data Innovation hosted a panel discussion with experts in government and industry for a discussion on existing best practices, emerging trends and techniques, and further opportunities for public-private initiatives to use data to reduce counterfeits in e-commerce.

November 13, 2020

ITIF’s Center for Data Innovation hosted a conversation with Ryan Abbott on his new book The Reasonable Robot: Artificial Intelligence and the Law.

October 2, 2020

ITIF’s Center for Data Innovation hosted a conversation with Julia Lane about her new book Democratizing Our Data: A Manifesto.

July 14, 2020

ITIF hosted a discussion on the implications of current legislative proposals, the efficacy and feasibility of creating “backdoors” for law enforcement to access encrypted data, and the impact these requirements would have on law-abiding American citizens and businesses.

June 17, 2020

ITIF hosted a discussion about how the FCC may shape the debate about Section 230. FCC Commissioner Starks provided introductory remarks and discussed these issues with ITIF Vice President Daniel Castro. Following this discussion, panelists will offered reactions to the Commissioner’s remarks.

April 29, 2020

ITIF hosted a video webinar to discuss the rapid changes that have occurred in telehealth, their implications for patients and providers, and the actions policymakers still need to take to unlock the full potential of the technology.

April 21, 2020

ITIF hosted a video webinar to discuss what is needed to provide more technological innovation in the classroom.

April 15, 2020

Modern government websites should be fast, secure, and reliable. Unfortunately, over half of state unemployment insurance websites crashed in the past few weeks as Americans went online to apply for benefits. ITIF hosted a video webinar to discuss initial lessons learned and best practices for building modern e-government solutions.

April 9, 2020

ITIF hosted a video webinar to discuss the implications of the pandemic on society, industry, and individuals and what organizations and governments need to do to cope.